February 1, 2023

Ambassador Mohamed Al-Ahassi said: “Multiple successes in the field of human rights have been achieved for Moroccan women thanks to the important groundbreaking reforms included in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Morocco aimed at achieving gender equality and promoting women’s rights in all aspects of public life.” adding that “women have become more educated and aware than their predecessors thanks to the structural changes that Morocco has achieved in the field of access regarding education and training…”.

In his article titled “Improvement and revolutionary change in the status of Moroccan women”, the specialist touched on a number of issues, including “the dignity of Moroccan women”, “the national presence of women” and “the conditions of women’s justice”, before concluding his article by noting that ” The anomalous economic situation of Moroccan women is currently calling into question the state policy in the direction that the issue of women’s integration into the labor market is a priority on the country’s development agenda.

This is the text of the article:

In the context of human rights, social and economic achievements that the Kingdom of Morocco has provided to women under the wise and far-sighted leadership of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, the flame of ambition towards the future and the strenuous efforts required to build its building…

The bet on raising the status of women should revolutionize the facts of this situation. In this regard, the time has come for decision makers in our country to focus on this vital cause, to bring it to the fore socially, legislatively and operationally in a way that enhances the status of women in society and enhances their economic , institutional and developmental role in various sectors of the state and its facilities.

Undoubtedly, Moroccan women have made numerous strides in the field of human rights thanks to the important and innovative reforms included in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Morocco (2011) aimed at achieving gender equality and promoting women’s rights in all aspects of public life.

Women have also become more educated and knowledgeable than their predecessors, thanks to the structural changes that Morocco has made in terms of access to education and training.
According to a World Bank study, between 2009 and 2010, young people, including Moroccan girls in the 15 to 21 age group, attended school longer than young people in the 22 to 29 age group (1).

Among the results of the improvement brought about by the schooling of girls aged 15 to 21 who attended school is that they achieved a kind of “independence” by 73% compared to 40% of young women, from the age group: from 22 to 29 years, who you study.

I / Merits of Moroccan women:

It goes without saying that the past of Moroccan women, as well as their revival march for decades, has proved its worth by the surge of social and legal achievements made for them over the past two decades, in particular the history of the country, and has articulated the proof of their capabilities, qualifications and experience for in order to meet the requirements of the necessary transition from good to better, consciously responding to the call of the future.

In this regard, it should be recalled that Moroccan women have proven their political and military merit by participating at all stages and stations on the path of liberation and modernism that the Moroccan people have taken, under the guidance of their valiant kings, His Majesty the late King Mohammed V, rest in peace. his soul is in peace (1909-1961). Perhaps the clearest testament to the competence of Moroccan women in what they aspire to today in terms of human rights, social progress and civic development is that they took off the “mantle” of servility and despondency and participated with their righteous companions, among the leaders of the national movement, carrying the banner of resistance to the colonialists, who courageously and boldly participated in demonstrations. The raging fire, which has not ceased to burn and blaze since the events of August 20, 1953, and even formed a dense partisan network to transfer weapons and to ensure communication with the patriots, languishing in the prisons of the colonialists, and to accompany their comrades in resistance and redemption in the performance of their national guerrilla duty.

II/ National Presence of Women:

Women also freely and actively participated for half a century (1956-2022) in building democratic institutions in the country through their broad participation in constitutional rights and in collective, regional and legislative elections with enthusiasm and dedication. if his fruits weighed him down, he humbled himself and bowed.

That being said, does anyone who advocates for the marginalization of women have the right to argue with us today as we open the folder on women’s rights – in their civilized, civic and progressive nature – whether in the name of a religion that is innocent of biased past claim, or in the name of Puritan traditions that are unfair to women. Whether it is outdated, or in the name of political flattery that has surpassed it – in all respects – the historical moment in which our country lives, a moment of liberation from everything that interferes with its path and hinder its progress?

III/ Conditions of justice for women:

Yes, the “Family Code” (2004) was a civilized, modern shift towards broadening the civil rights base of women in a way that meets their legal requirements and meets the demands of social reality in twenty-first century Morocco, and in a way that is not contrary to the spirit Sharia as it is. , obeys the law of development and change.

At the same time, the principle of “ijtihad” and the need to arbitrate and accept it as one of the approved pillars of Islam in strengthening the dialectical connection between jurisprudence (legislation) and social reality constitute a solid basis for reconciling the “goal of legislation” with reality with its “outbreaks” and phenomena.

A- From this point of view, the demand of women in our country to revise, update and adapt the “Family Code” (1) not only represents fairness and justice in relation to women’s rights, but is, in addition, a decisive factor in the course of social, economic and human development in our country.

In this context, the revision and development of the provisions of “Mudawana” on the issue of equality in “legal guardianship” and the rationalization of the provisions on inheritance, and in the maximum prohibition of the marriage of underage girls to girls, and in the reorganization of the protection of children in the event of divorce and in other problems restricting the rights women or degrading their dignity.

In this regard, the continuation and aggravation of the phenomenon of violence against women has become the most heinous humiliation and infringement on women’s dignity, and requires tougher legislation, stricter loading and immediate support in exposing the awareness of this social scourge, become a violation of the provisions of the law and social responsibility. According to civil society reports tracking the development of the phenomenon of violence against women, the latter affects 56% of housewives, followed by domestic workers.

This horrendous prevalence of violence against women is a widespread social epidemic that needs to be tackled decisively, within the framework of law and education, and through systematic punishment (1).

In the context of strengthening the position of women and developing their capabilities to protect their legitimate rights, we should take the initiative to create a coordinating body between women’s sectors in the structures of the Moroccan parties, the majority and the opposition, uniting on a common basis, defining the principles for strengthening the position of women in society and the empowerment of women, its role in family education and the development of society in its various social, political, economic and legal dimensions.

B/ On the other hand, the Moroccan woman, who has made significant strides in the field of political empowerment and human rights (2), with her growing presence in the legislative and executive bodies (3), – the promotion of her economic and social status is still fluctuating, which now undermines its human rights and political achievements. Thus, public policy is needed more than ever to solve the problem of integrating women into the economic life of the country.

This is because Moroccan women, who make up more than half of the Moroccan population (50.3%), continue to suffer from the limitations of a society dominated by a “patriarchal culture” that prevents women from participating effectively in all aspects of public life. This phenomenon is exacerbated in light of the structural deficits that affect the country’s economy and investment restrictions that negatively affect the ability to absorb the labor force, both male and female.

As for women, 78.4% of them in the age group from 15 to 65 are not working and not looking for a job (1).

Against the backdrop of women’s limited integration into the labor market (2), the New Development Paradigm report found that women’s access to the labor market would increase gross domestic product in the range of 0.2% to 1.95%, in addition to its positive economic consequences.

The report also tracked three levers that are driving women’s economic empowerment dynamics: equal pay, support for education, training, integration and support mechanisms, and the promotion and development of the values ​​of equality and parity and zero tolerance for all forms of discrimination against women.

In light of these alarming socio-economic data regarding the economic status of women, the key to revolutionizing the status of women remains focused on providing the means and opportunities for their integration into the labor market.

It is obvious that the benefits of developing women’s contribution to the economic life of the country, whether at the “macroeconomic” level, which allows “to improve the country’s productive capabilities and support economic growth”, or at the “microeconomic” level, where this contribution translates into the greatest amount of “Public recognition of women “.

The anomalous economic situation of Moroccan women has become an important issue of state policy in the direction that the issue of women’s integration into the labor market is a priority on the country’s development agenda. This is a question that certainly goes beyond the politics of “social gender” (gender) to address the issue of social justice with fairness towards half of the population of the country (1).

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