February 1, 2023

Khaled Sherkaoui Al-Samouni, director of the Rabat Center for Political and Strategic Studies, said: “The Declaration of Independence was a great historical event and perpetuated the most wonderful images of sincere patriotism, since Moroccan men and women at that time were a living example of patriotism, loyalty, sincerity and self-sacrifice “, adding that “the memory of the revolution of the tsar and the people is a revived epic.” resistance fighters, with great sacrifices that they made for the liberation of their homeland.

And after al-Samouni mentioned in an article he wrote “the requirements of the text of the Declaration of Independence”, he pointed out that King Mohammed VI continues to strengthen territorial integrity and lay the foundations for security, stability, development and construction, while conducting deep and radical reforms, thanks to which Morocco has constantly and regularly paved the way for active steps along the path of political, economic, social, cultural, administrative and religious reforms …

This is the text of the article:

On January 11 of each year, the Moroccan people celebrate the anniversary of the presentation of the eternal Declaration of Independence as a great epic in the series of national struggles waged by the Moroccan people under the leadership of the late King Mohammed V, and an outstanding historical event that will remain in the memory of future generations and one of the main stages in Moroccan history from achieving independence.

On January 11, 1944, leaders of the national movement presented to the defense authorities a document demanding independence, demanding the independence of Morocco and its territorial integrity, as well as opposing the barbaric Dahir on August 28, 1930. The requirements of the text of the Declaration of Independence were based on three requirements:

First: Demand the independence of Morocco and the unity of its land under the shadow of His Majesty, the beloved king of the country, our master Muhammad ibn Yusuf, may God grant him victory and support.

Secondly, to ask His Majesty to try, together with the countries concerned, to recognize and guarantee this independence and to draw up agreements defining, within the framework of the sovereignty of Morocco, the legitimate interests of foreigners.

Third, that the Moroccan system of states require the approval of the Atlantic Document and participation in a peace conference.

Fourth: to ask His Majesty to include under his auspices the reform movement on which Morocco depends, and to entrust, with his kind consideration, the establishment of the political system of the Shura, similar to the system of government in the Arab and Islamic countries in the East, in which the rights of all elements of the Moroccan people are preserved and all its classes and determined the duties of all, and the world.

The reaction of the French security authorities was a massive campaign of arrests of men and women of the resistance, heroes and heroines. Since then, despite the mass arrests of resistance fighters throughout the country, their determination and will to fight continuously and desperately until the Motherland is liberated and the country gains freedom and independence has been strengthened.

On August 20, 1953, when the French government decided, at the suggestion of General Keum, to dismiss the late King Mohammed V and exile him from Morocco, along with members of the royal family, to the island of Corsica, and from there to Madagascar, the first spark flared for the eternal revolution of the king and the people in memory Moroccans when they revolted. The Moroccan people, with all their groups, rose up in various parts of the country in a massive uprising to oppose the plans of the French Muammar and declare their absolute opposition to the removal of the rightful king from his throne and his homeland. Painful events erupted as numerous strikes paralyzed various vital industries, resistance operations were organized leading to the martyrdom of many patriots, and the colonial authorities decided to launch a campaign of arrests among the patriots.

The courageous stance of King Mohammed V, may God rest his soul, who preferred exile to the renunciation of the sovereignty and national unity of Morocco, had a great and decisive influence on the souls of his faithful people against colonialism. homeland, and few kings and presidents remained loyal to their people, as they plotted against their people, renounced their covenants and defected to the side of the dominant side, submitting and submitting in exchange for their protection and the protection of their families from oppression, exile, or murder.

The Declaration of Independence was a great historical event and perpetuated the most remarkable images of true patriotism, since Moroccan men and women at that time were a living example of patriotism, loyalty, sincerity and self-sacrifice.

In addition, the memory of the revolution of the king and the people is a renewed epic in the minds of generations. It is extremely important that we always evoke the souls of all tortured resistance fighters for the great sacrifices they made in the name of the liberation of the Motherland.

Therefore, the current generation and future generations should draw inspiration from the connotations of national struggle and jihad for the independence of the Motherland and victims, and awaken the souls of martyrs, thanks to whom we live in an era of freedom and independence. Jihad must also be ended in order to support the process of development and democracy, strengthen the rule of law and achieve prosperity for our country, to enter the ranks of the developed countries of the world.

And while the late King Mohammed V struggled to wrest the independence and freedom of Morocco, his son, the late King Hassan II, continued to unify the north and south of Morocco, rebuilding our desert regions, and here is the Moroccan monarch, King Mohammed VI, continuing to strengthen territorial integrity and laying the foundations for security, stability, development and construction, while carrying out reforms deep and radical, thanks to which our country has been able to constantly and regularly pave the way for rapid steps towards political, economic, social, cultural, administrative and religious reforms that made Morocco a strong country with its institutions and the unity and cohesion of its national components.


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