February 1, 2023

A supporter of sporting events in Morocco, and football in particular, sees no end to what is described as “stadium riots”, at least in the short term; As soon as talk of the turbulent events that accompanied a football match in a particular city, and the subsequent arrests and trials, ends, the Moroccans receive news of the occurrence of events that are no different from the previous ones, with the exception of a few details.

This past weekend, the streets of Tetouan and the surroundings of the Saniat El Raml stadium became the scene of riots and violence leading up to the match between Vidad Casablanca and Morocco Tetouan. As a result, 33 people, including minors, were detained on suspicion of being involved in the storage of weapons and sharp and traumatic objects, as well as in using them to cause material damage to public and private property, as well as in drug intoxication – throwing and violence in against representatives of social forces, according to the state report. Tetouan security.

What is the solution?

As is the case with most interactions with previous similar events, many do not find answers to their questions about this “social phenomenon” as described by social scientists, mainly related to the causes of these recurring manifestations and effective solutions to reduce them. While others have gone, especially after yesterday’s events, to the point of calling for a permanent ban on the movement of football fans between Moroccan cities.

However, this solution is only temporary and does not have the ingredients to limit the complex and difficult phenomenon, according to Abdel Rahim Burkia, a research sociologist and professor at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Settat, who believes that the solution “must be radical and much more profound.”

Burkia added in a statement to Hespress that “ball hooliganism” should be “tackled with a more social approach that is of interest to children, teens and young people, to open up to other ways of dealing with other people who are different.” stand for other colors so that their relationship is characterized only by fair competition.

mirror of society

For sociologist Abdel Rahim Burkia, the violence we see in stadiums “is a mirror of similar violence in society,” given that “the adolescent or young person who practices violence is a social product of government policy, family education, and then school.”

Burkia added that when talking about “stadium riots”, one must keep in mind what he called the “world of ultras” (by ultras he means groups of fans of sports teams), a “world” in which, according to the researcher, , competition prevails over who will win the title of “most violent group” in Morocco.

For his part, Mohsen Aftit, sociology researcher and professor at the Mohammed bin Abdullah University of Fes, stressed that the phenomenon of football hooliganism “cannot be separated from the social context”.

invisible violence

In an interview with Hespress, Aftit emphasized the need to distinguish between two types of violence, defining them as “visible and invisible violence”, noting that we agree and share as observers and observers of everyday events is that violence is what we see directly. . as forms of vandalism, assault and theft, cursing and slander.

He added: “But by adopting the art of retreating, we will be able to identify the deep and invisible levels of this stadium-related violence to help us eradicate its sources and promote tolerance.”

“Invisible” violence, in the words of the sociologist Aftit, is “an image of what is instilled into the practitioner of violence from the conditions of life devoid of life, that is, the conditions of social production, in the light of the new capitalism.” presented in public policies and programs that do not touch the reality of this repressed and disadvantaged group that has accumulated these repressions.


The same speaker agreed that immediate and urgent approaches or solutions such as a security approach, while deemed necessary, are “not sufficient” to eradicate the sources of this violence.

On the other hand, a researcher in sociology suggested focusing on what he called “the dimensions that make a man”. For example, the long-term strategies of the government, which should focus mainly on quality education, setting the values ​​of tolerance and the best morals, and then government policies that affect the reality of these young people, most of whom came from popular and poor areas. .


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