Recently, 30 water experts and researchers released a white paper in which they sounded the alarm about the water crisis in Morocco, based on statistics and studies proving the continuing record of what they called “frightening” scarcity in ground and surface water levels.
The “Water Sub-Group”, composed of alumni of the Hassan II Institute of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine in Rabat, which was established in 2018, began to investigate the Moroccan water crisis two years ago, summarizing it in a book for which it chose the title “For sustainable measures to ensure water security in our country”.
In this context, Ahmed al-Houthi, an agricultural expert and one of the members of the Water Sub-Group, said that the publication of this book came after the beginning of a frank discussion of water issues in our country at several meetings. , public and private, with the participation of specialists and experts in the field.
Al-Houti added in a statement to Hespress that the timing of the book’s publication coincided with the royal speech at the opening of the current session of Parliament, which focused on raising water issues in our country and its future challenges. , and in it he called for the development of an effective supply and demand management strategy.
The same agro-engineer confirmed that the book diagnoses the water situation in Morocco and proposes ways out of the crisis along four axes, including an analysis of the causes of water scarcity, which has become structural and exacerbated by climatic fluctuations, indicating that alarming indicators have been found in this section; Noting that the rainfall deficit over the past 60 years has reached 20 percent and could increase to 35 percent in 2050.
It was also noted, according to Al-Houthi, that prior to 1980, Morocco experienced one year of drought in 11 years, while it experienced 5 years of drought in the last eleven years, while the current season (2021-2022) experienced a drought which none of her predecessors knew. Precipitation deficit reached 50% of the annual norm.
The second axis of the White Paper, according to the same speaker, diagnoses the situation with water supplies (dams); It was noted that surface water supplies continued to decline year on year, in parallel with the depletion of groundwater resources, as aquifer levels declined by about one meter per year.
The authors of the book recommend taking into account in every development strategy and program that drought is a structural phenomenon, not a transient or seasonal phenomenon, and the establishment of a national observatory to collect and make available information related to water and climate. researchers and give priority to related scientific research, and rationalize the exploitation of groundwater and combat those who exploit this material in an unreasonable way, then encourage the storage of rainwater and establish proper management of water resources with effective control. mechanisms.
While the researchers commended efforts to mobilize surface water, they warned that this supply-only trend had reached its limit and recommended that attention be paid to managing supply and demand simultaneously.