April 1, 2023

From Persian, a new translation into Arabic of the work of Sadeq Hedayat “Haji Agha” was made by the Moroccan Rashid Bazi.

This translation, released by Dar Africa East, allows “the Arabic reader to see one of the creative experiences that contributed to the consolidation of narrative traditions scattered in contemporary Iranian literature.” was received, “we were able to study political and social data of great importance.” To understand contemporary Iranian society.

The translator noted that the importance of Hedayat’s writings lies in their formation as “a milestone in the course and development of Iranian literature.”

And this story, according to its translator, attracts attention “with its mercury and location at the junction of different literary forms, to such an extent that it becomes difficult to attribute it to a particular genre. It’s not very short, and it’s full of a lot of human models, so it becomes difficult to read as a short story, nor is it very long, and contains a lot of intertwined events to make it a novel.

In addition, it is “still close to becoming a theatrical work, since the events almost all take place in the lobby of Gadzhi Agha’s house (…) and the way the dialogues are distributed between the characters and allow them to be extended and verbose as they want, and focus light on one character, gave a strong impetus to the soul of Dramaticism, which shook the bulk of this work.

Then comes the last section, presenting “despite its brevity, a narrative material that strikes with its dynamism and wavelength, so that it represents a break with the previous one, and the writer was able to supply his work with a narrative breath that combines strict technique and absolute fantasy “.

The events of the work take place in the era of the entry of the “allies” (the Soviet Union and Great Britain) into Iran, which was then close to Germany, and the overthrow of Shah Reza Khan and the accession of his son Muhammad Reza Pahlavi.

Its first section refers to the situation in Iran before the entry of the Allies and the overthrow of the rule of the first Shah of the “Pahlavi state”, and the third and fourth sections to what happened after this entry.

The second section is written in brackets, opened by the writer to shed light on the personality of his protagonist, Hadji-aga, and inform the reader of its details and twists.

The translator stated that the story was published “for the first time in 1945 in the Sakhn magazine before it was published as a separate book in 1952 by Amir Kabir Publications in Tehran. It should be noted that in the period from the date of Reza Khan’s departure to the borders of the coup that overthrew Prime Minister Muhammad Mossadegh in 1953 and the return of absolute rule, Iran experienced a relatively free political life and cultural dynamics. , and the general population, especially the youth, She began to look forward to change, so some of them joined the newly established Iranian Communist Party at that time (1941), and they hoped that the new social system could see the light in the future.

And Rashid Bazi added in his export of a literary work translated from Persian, “we find an echo of this general atmosphere in the story of Haji Agha.”

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