The researcher Muhammad Shukair said: “There is no ruler, whether he be the head of state, king or emperor, except that he needs a consultant or advisers to negotiate with them on the conduct of public affairs or to get their opinion in the adoption of some special political decisions that have a strategic dimension” or fateful”.
Shuker mentioned in the introductory summary of his book “King’s Counselors from the Shadow of Government to the Shadow of Government” about the directions he covered in this matter, especially those related to “the adviser as an extension of the royal self”, “the adviser as the embodiment of royal power” and “adviser and execution of will.” Own”.
This is the preface to the book.
All political systems have known and know the identity of the adviser, so there is no ruler, whether head of state, king or emperor, who does not need an adviser or advisers to negotiate with them in the conduct of public affairs or to ask their opinion when making some special political decisions that are made in a strategic or fateful dimension; Consequently, the political system in Morocco does not deviate from this rule, since the sultans were always surrounded by personalities who consulted with them on all political issues and decisions regarding the government of the state. This became apparent when this sultan called all his advisors to ask their opinion on the invasion of the Sudan.
Later, the Saadian and Alawite sultans surrounded themselves with advisors seeking their advice on various matters of state. Not only were local military and civilian figures involved, but foreign figures were often close to being consulted and benefiting from their views on certain issues. Maula Abd al-Aziz advised a group of European figures close to the palace, such as the English Colonel McClain and the French, on many of the reforms he wanted to bring about in state structures, whether at the military, tax or administrative level.
And after the reforms introduced by the security authorities into the state treasury, the position of the royal adviser experienced a remarkable development, which are his specializations and people, and even his name; During the reign of Muhammad V, the role of the royal adviser was limited to providing advice and advice and providing confidential information and data to the newly appointed king at the head of state.
In this regard, “John Waterbury” wrote in his famous book “The Commander of the Faithful, the Moroccan Monarchy and Its Elite” that the royal court, including advisers, “was established in 1950 under the name of the Imperial Court.” ‘, and on December 7, 1955, the appointed royal dahir was carefully formed, as it now consists of a general director, a director of the chief of staff, an adviser and eight attachés, for a total of 12 people. .
Among the advisers who worked under Muhammad V were Moulay al-Arabi al-Alawi, Sheikh al-Islam, al-Mukhtar al-Susi and Hasan al-Yousi. They bore the title of “Counselors to the Throne” and their selection was markedly judged after their academic and personal competence, as well as their tribal affiliation. And this was at a time when this belonging still had a role and meaning. However, with the coming to power of Hassan II, the royal court took on a completely different character, whether in numbers or at the level of specializations, since the average number of advisers during his reign was about thirty, whose tasks, structure and duties were clearly defined.
However, despite this organizational development, the position of King’s Counsel, despite its delicacy, remained an ambiguous position without political or constitutional codification. Since the question arises, if the appointment of advisers through an honorary dahir is within the power of the king, is this provided for in the constitution? Given that the royal institute is a constitutional institution, why were questions not asked about the powers of the royal adviser as long as he works in the context of this institution and his appointment is based on his competence from the point of view of this institution? Hence the need to touch on the status of the royal adviser through the specifics of the Moroccan political system, which is unique in the central role of the royal institution in this system and the central role of the king in moving its components, which gives the adviser a special political character, making him an extension of the monarchy. Therefore, this work was divided into three chapters according to the following plan:
Chapter One: The Expert Advisor as an Extension of Ownership
The first is an adviser and recitation of royal messages
Second – Counselor and transmission of royal condolences
The third is an adviser and chairman of the royal committees and societies.
Fourth – Real Estate Image Consultant and Marketing
Chapter Two: The Chancellor as the Embodiment of Royal Power
First – advisor and proximity to the king
Second, the king’s relationship with his advisors.
Third – the engagement of the king with his advisers
Fourth – an adviser as a channel of communication with the king
Chapter Three: The Counselor and the Fulfillment of the King’s Will
First: the chancellor and the circumstances of the formation of the government
Secondly, the chancellor was in conflict with the government
Third – the chancellor and the strengthening of the shadow government